Physics 1 Nov 28, 2017 P3 Challenge A 62 kg crate is being pulled at constant speed across a floor by a cord that makes a 30 incline to the horizontal. What is the coefficient of dynamic friction if the tension in the cord is 130 N? Todays Objective: Work-Kinetic Energy Theorem Agenda, Assignment IB 2.3 Work, Energy and Power Agenda Work
Work Kinetic Energy Positive/Negative Work Work-kinetic energy theorem Zero work Kinetic Energy Work-kinetic energy theorem
Assignment: Work Kinetic Energy Theorem Worksheet Physics Work defined Work is the product of a force through a distance. Positive work When the force and the displacement are in the same direction Adds to the energy of a system. Negative work
When the force and the displacement are in opposite directions Removes energy from a system Note: friction always does negative work. When is work NOT done? A perpendicular force does no work. Force applied without any change in position does no work. Work at an angle general case Forces in the same or opposite direction do maximum
work. Forces at an angle only the component of the force in the direction of the displacement does work. IB equation: s may be written as x, y, r or d. W = Fd in data booklet (vector dot product) Work by a variable force If a force is not constant over the distance, then you can plot how the force varies as a
function of position. Still a force times a distance. The work done by the force over a distance is represented by the area between the graph and the x-axis on this graph. Ex: Work done by a spring force: W = kx2 Practice Problems A worker pulls a cart with a 45 N force at an angle of 25 to the horizontal over a distance of 1.2 m. What work does the worker do on the cart? A 900N mountain climber scales a 100m cliff. How much
work is done by the mountain climber? Angela uses a force of 25 Newtons to lift her grocery bag while doing 50 Joules of work. How far did she lift the grocery bags? Energy What is energy? The ability to do work. Comes in two varieties: EK = kinetic energyEp = potential energy Types of kinetic energy: motion, light, sound, thermal energy, electrical energy (all are a type of motion)
Types of potential energy: gravitational, chemical, nuclear, spring, electrical potential (all are reversibly stored energy) Kinetic Energy Kinetic energy energy of motion Anything that is moving has kinetic energy EK = mv2 (in data booklet) Ex: What is the Kinetic Energy of a 150 kg object that is moving with a speed of 15 m/s? Ex: An object has a kinetic energy of 25 J and a mass of 34 kg ,
how fast is the object moving? Ex: An object moving with a speed of 35 m/s and has a kinetic energy of 1500 J, what is the mass of the object? Work K.E. Theorem The net work done on an object is equal to the change in kinetic energy for that object. a. The distance the helicopter traveled? b. The work done by the lifting force? c. The work done by the gravitational force?
d. The net work done on the helicopter? e. The final kinetic energy of the helicopter? f. The final velocity of the helicopter? g. Verify this value using kinematics. Wnet = K.E = mv2 mu2 not in data booklet, need to know conceptually. Ex: A 500. kg light-weight helicopter ascends from the ground
with an acceleration of 2.00 m/s2. Over a 5.00 sec interval, what is Exit Slip - Assignment Exit Slip- How much work is done by gravity as you carry a 65 N backpack up a flight of stairs to landing 1.3 m higher than the previous floor? Whats Due? (Pending assignments to complete.) Work and Kinetic Energy Worksheet Whats Next? (How to prepare for the next day) Read 2.3 p78-95 about Work and Energy