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April 2017No. 352ewsletterBromley FoE: enquiries:email: [email protected], website: www.bromleyfoe.co.ukApril MeetingFriends Meeting House, Ravensbourne Road, BromleyLawrence Beale CollinsThames21 – Healthy Rivers at the heart of the communityThe work of Thames21 within the Thamesand Ravensbourne river catchmentsTuesday 4th April – 7.30pmEveryone welcome – bring a friendsIn this Issue:Diary DatesApril meetingMarch mtg reportCampaigns etcStall photoNature UpdateFukushima poemFukushima photoOpen Garden Day223,4,56,778,1091011Miller’s mutteringsMarinet infoFoE Campaign infoBromley Town TwinningFoE on the budgetVolunteers needed for . Open Garden eventBromley FoE contactsNon-members pageCopy for the next Newsletter must be with the Editor byTH*** SUNDAY 16 APRIL ***Contact details inside front cover.1213,141516,17,1818181920

Diary dates:Apr 1 (Sat)April 4 (Tue)April 29 (Sat)May 2 (Tue)June 2 to 4June 25 (Sun)Bromley Progressive Bromley Food Co-op: Friends MeetingHouse, 6pm shared food for 7pm – “The Great Dictator”Bromley FoE’s April meeting: Thames 21thBill’s 4 Open Garden Day (see page 11 for more info)Bromley FoE’s May meetingFoE BASECAMP 2017 at Castleton, DerbyshireKeston Countryside DaythApril meeting – Tuesday 4 April – Thames21An overview of Thames21’s work, How and why they were formed and how much coverage Thames21 haswithin the Thames river catchment; How Thames21 operates within the Ravensbourne catchment, What Lawrence's job as Catchment Partnership Coordinator entails; current projects; The Three Rivers Clean Up and Thames21's work in the removal of plasticsfrom the Thames foreshore and beyond.ththBill’s 4 Open Day – Saturday 29 AprilDetails on page 11Helpers / volunteers needed - see page 18Disclaimer: Please note that any opinions expressed in this Newsletter are notnecessarily those of Bromley Friends of the Earth or of Friends of the EarthNext Newsletter - copy details:Any news, articles, poems, questions, views etc for the next Newsletter must be withTHthe editor by *** SUNDAY 16 APRIL ***by post to John Street, 82 Babbacombe Road, Bromley, BR1 3LSby phone to: 020-8460-1078, by email to: [email protected] editor reserves the right to shorten contributions for space, or other, reasons.Bromley FoE Newsletter April 2017-page 2

March meeting report 1: Electric Vehicles - Paul EnockJustin Cockett from Petts Woodpresented an environmental case fordoing as he has done: switch from aconventionally powered to an electricvehicle (EV) for your private motoringneeds.Justin presented many good reasonsfor switching to an EV, such as the lowprice of electrical energy (ten timescheaper than fossil fuels), freecharging and parking at supermarkets,hotels and airports, lower maintenancecosts, increasing battery range,congestion charge exemption, parkinginitiatives, ease of re-charging, tax andinsurance. But here I will summariseJustin’s comparison between EVs andconventional vehicles in terms ofenvironmental impact.Why is an EV more environmentallyfriendly?The Internal Combustion Engine isvery inefficientA huge 79% of energy is wasted byusing petrol/diesel for transport – Yes,only 21% of the energy in your fueltank actually goes to moving your car’swheels (driving in traffic jams or inbuilt-up areas is even less efficient).Justin gave us a breakdown of whereall the wasted energy goes – most islost through heat in the exhaustsystem, but also through things likepower train losses, and braking(seeTony Seba’s Clean Disruption ofEnergy and Transportation).(One form of loss Justin didn’tmention, but a source of pollution in itsown right – Noise)An electric motor is 5 times moreenergy efficientCombustion engines have a maximumenergy conversion efficiency of 2530%. This is because they can convertenergy efficiently only at highertemperatures.Tesla’s first-generation electric vehicle,the 2008 Roadster, already had anoverall drive efficiency of 88% andsuccessive generations areincreasingly efficient.If we compare the technologies interms of kilowatt hours (kWh), apetrol/diesel-powered car with anaverage fuel consumption of 30 mpg isusing energy at the rate of 1.3 kWh permile. Justin’s Tesla, by comparison,has so far averaged 0.321 kWh permile – that’s 4 times more energyefficiency from a car that has theperformance of a 6.38 V8 Turbo (e.g.the Mercedes AMG, which, even undermotorway conditions, can manage only25mpg).Inner-city comparisons are even moreimpressive: driving around London in asmall conventional car, you mayrequire 1.9kWh for each mile (20mpg),while Justin’s BMW i3 consumes justone tenth of that, 0.19kWh per mile.It follows that EVs have a muchsmaller environmental impact in termsof energy consumption.But electric vehicles require energynonetheless, to charge theirbatteries – so won’t they alwayshave a carbon footprint?/continued on page 5Bromley FoE Newsletter April 2017-page 3

March meeting report 2: FareShare - Tackling food wasteAnnette Rose reports:Oliver Brabner gave us a presentationon ‘FareShare’. This organisation istackling the serious problem of foodwaste. He began by outlining somestartling facts. By 2050 the populationis expected to reach 9 billion. How willwe feed them? 795 million people areundernourished globally and poornutrition contributes to half the deathsof children under 5. And yet 2 billionpeople are overweight with 600 millionbeing obese. Tons of food is beingwasted. The world produces enoughfood but a third goes to waste.We were shown a diagram of the‘Food Waste Hierarchy’. There are 5levels before food should be disposedof. These are reduce, feed people inneed, feed livestock, compost and100% renewable energy and disposal.Fareshare can work at a consumerlevel even before food hits thesupermarkets. FareShare are thebiggest organisation in the UK thatredistributes food. It has 20 regionalcentres from Aberdeen to Brighton.10,795 tonnes of food are received.4,99140 people are supported eachweek with 995 towns and citiesreached across the UK.Good food with nutritional value isoften discarded due to its appearance.‘Sell by’ and ‘use by’ dates mean foodis often discarded when it is still edible.Oliver then showed us how the charityworks with the food industry andredistributes the food. They work with279 charities. So who receives thefood? Drop in services, breakfastclubs, hostels, refuges and lunch clubsfor older people all benefit. Theorganisation does not work for profit.We were shown a slide of some of thenames of big organisations that workwith FareShare. It included M and S,Waitrose, Greggs, Sainsbury, Coop,Lidl, Tesco along with many more.So how can you help?The warehouses welcome volunteers.We can help by spreading themessage about not wasting food andletting people know about FareShare.We heard about the FareShare FoodCloud App. Tesco for example, canupload details of their unsold food.Then a charity receives a textinforming them of the available foodand arranges collection. The charitymakes meals with the food for peoplein need.The aim is to try and bypass good foodgoing for disposal. It is estimated that27,000 tons of food could beredistributed. This is so importantwhen we consider that 1.3 millionpeople are destitute and can’t affordessentials such as food.Tesco is the first company to publish awaste report. Impressively, the Apphas helped to reduce store level foodwaste by 86% across 915 Tescostores. That is 59,400 tonnes savedfrom disposal.So why is food wasted? Supermarketsinsist on uniform shapes, sizes etc./continued on next pageBromley FoE Newsletter April 2017-page 4

March meeting reports - continuedElectric Vehicles - continuedAs we have just seen, no matter howthey source their power, EVs use a lotless energy for the same amount ofmileage. Combustion engines burningdiesel or petrol, on the other hand, arein the front line of fossil fuelconsumption and CO2 emission. *It is true that if you charge the batteryof your EV using electricity generatedby burning oil, coal or gas, this will stillleave a (smaller) carbon footprint. Butwith an EV you have the option ofsourcing your power exclusively fromrenewable and sustainable sources.All you need is an energy suppliersuch as Eccentricity or Good Energy.You could also, of course, use yourown solar panels.As Justin pointed out, solar power andEVs go together. Solar panels can beinstalled in locations where they do notadd to land requirement – he cited theexample of the solar farm being builton radioactively contaminated sites atChernobyl.A convergence of technologiesbetween renewable energy generationand electric vehicles is on its way andthis is good news for the environment.It will replace current technologies justas fast as powerful interests in fossilfuels (and their ability to shape ourgovernments) allow them.Of course, Justin’s talk was limited toprivate transportation – he did notcompare energy efficiency perpassenger mile with public transport.Nonetheless, when compared thepresent use of combustion engines,Justin’s environmental case for electricvehicles is a convincing one.* (Of course, combustion engines emita lot of other harmful local pollutants –which in themselves constitute a goodargument for switching to EVs – butJustin’s environmental argumentsconcentrated on the carbon footprintand land usage.)FareShare - continuedSo what’s next?All Tesco stores will be donating theirsurplus food by 2018. Waitrose isjoining the scheme later this year.Oliver stresses that we need tocontinue to put pressure on theGovernment and retailers to improvethe waste food situation.QuestionsOliver answered questions on theorigins of the organisation andexplained it was originally called Crisis.The Food Cloud App is 2 years old. Ina question about working with farmers,we were told that on occasionsvolunteers are allowed on farms tocollect discarded food but FareSharedoes not work directly with farms.For further information you can go towww.fareshare.org.uk. Charities cansign up to receive food and there areopportunities for volunteers. There arealso suggestions there for fundraisingto support this important organisation.Bromley FoE Newsletter April 2017-page 5

Campaigns, Climate and Energy – Ann GarrettThe Mall Precinct Campaign stallA big thank you to Annette and Johnthwho helped with stall on March 18 .(see photo on page 7) Despite thechilly wind blowing through theprecinct we managed to give out a fairnumber of fracking leaflets and alsoget some pollution cards signed. Johnbrought his wind turbine model as anexample of a positive alternativeenergy.Nick's Cafe were again a great help inlooking after the materials the nightbefore, and we also enjoyed somerefreshments there afterwards. Nickand also David, The Mall chief securityofficer, were very supportive of ourcampaigns.Climate and EnergyFracking UpdateAnti-fracking campaigners nearBlackpool were thrilled in Februarywhen energy firm Cuadrilla pulled outof a controversial drilling site atPreston New Road. Residents arecontacting local firms who have beensupplying Cuadrilla not to do so anymore and there has generally been agood response to this request. Antifracking groups in the North West ofthe UK are operating collectively toidentify and target companies who areinvolved.There are big concerns at the momentregarding a planning application to drillfor oil in the South Downs NationalPark in West Sussex. Several of us inBromley FoE have emailed ourobjections expressing our worriesabout the chemicals used in theextraction processes and the danger towild life and the environment generally.Drilling for oil seems to be a cover-upfor what is really fracking. This way thefracking companies can evade legalhealth and safety regulations andcontrols.Nuclear UpdateThere have been a number of eventsin London in March in solidarity withanti-nuclear campaigners in Japan tomark the sixth anniversary of theFukushima nuclear disaster.These included a vigil outside theJapanese Embassy, a march toWhitehall (where the poem on page. was read and photo on page .was taken), and a parliamentarymeeting. At the latter one of the mainspeakers was Kenji Higuchi , a photojournalist who spoke of the radiationexposure of subcontracted nuclearplant workers at Daiichi nuclear powerplant. For decommissioning workthere, as many as 7,000 people haveto work daily under high radiationexposure.Leukaemia is on the increase and theJapanese government are covering upthe dangers and statistics.The London events were supported byanti-Hinckley Point campaigners fromBridgewater and also activists fromBradwell, Sizewell and Dungeness. Anexhibition of photographs by Lis Fieldsat The Conway Hall highlights thedestruction and desolation in theFukushima Prefecture./continued on next pageBromley FoE Newsletter April 2017-page 6

Campaigns, Climate and Energy – continuedFossil Fuel DivestmentStudent activists at Kings CollegeLondon celebrated on March 9th afterthe university announced that it woulddivest from all fossil fuel companieswithin the next five years.An eight week campaign by KingsCollege Climate Emergency , whichconsisted of a number of direct actionsculminating in a 14 day hunger strikeby PhD student Roger Hallam and a24 hour occupation of the universitybuildings, has prompted what hasbeen hailed as ' a significant change ofpolicy ' by one of the UK's mostprestigious universities.The KCCE engaged in a rollingprogramme of civil disobedience tohighlight the urgency of acting onclimate change, and should be highlycommended for their persistence andcourage.Sustainable Theatre LightingRob Halliday a theatre lightingdesigner has written a book called 'TheSwitch'. He puts forward proposals forusing solar power as an energy sourceand the use of more LED lights, toconserve energy and balance supplyand demand. He recommends thattheatres should think about installingtheir own solar panels and batteries tostore the electricity generated duringthe day.It is now a legal requirement thattheatres produce an a