Product Environmental ReportiPhone 12 miniDate introducedOctober 13, 2020Made with better materialsTackling climate change99%98%100%recycled tungstenrecycled rare earthelementsWe’re committed to transitioning our entiremanufacturing supply chain to 100 percentrenewable electricity by 2030.Energy efficientSmarter chemistry¹58% Arsenic-free display glass Mercury-free Brominated flame retardant–free PVC-free Beryllium-freeless energy consumed than theU.S. Department of Energy requirementsfor battery charger systemsResponsible packaging100%92%of the wood fibercomes from recycledand responsiblesourcesof the packaging isfiber based, due toour work to use lessplastic in packagingApple Trade InReturn your device throughApple Trade In and we’ll give ita new life or recycle it for free.First smartphone with 100 percent recycled rare earthelements in all magnets2This report includes data current as of product launch. Product evaluations are based on U.S. configuration of iPhone 12 mini.
Taking responsibility forour products at every stageWe take responsibility for our products throughout their life cycles—including the materialsthey are made of, the people who assemble them, and how they are recycled at end of life.And we focus on the areas where we can make the biggest difference for our planet: reducingour impact on climate change, conserving important resources, and using safer materials.We sell millions of products.So making even smalladjustments can have ameaningful impact.SourceMaterialsRecoverMakeiPhone 12 minilife cycle64 kg carbonemissions3Packageand ShipUseCarbon footprintWe continue to make progress in reducing Apple’s contribution to climate change—byfocusing on making energy-efficient products with renewable or recycled materials andwith renewable energy. Suppliers’ use of renewable energy through our Supplier CleanEnergy Program and removal of select inbox accessories helped reduce emissions fromproduction and transport of iPhone 12 mini. And we continue to use low-carbon aluminumin the enclosure smelted using hydroelectricity rather than fossil fuels. Apple is committedto using carbon life cycle assessments to identify opportunities to drive down productgreenhouse gas emissions.2iPhone 12 miniiPhone 12 mini life cyclecarbon emissions85%2%ProductionTransport12%Use 1%End-of-life processingProduct Environmental Report
Source MaterialsMakeSourceMaterialsProductlife cycleRecoverPackageand ShipUseiPhone 12 mini is the first Apple product made with recycledtungsten, and the first with majority recycled rare earth elements.To conserve important resources, we work to reduce the material we use and aim to one daysource only recycled or renewable materials in our products. And as we make this transition,we remain committed to the responsible sourcing of primary materials. We map many materials,some to the mineral source, and establish the strictest standards for smelters and refiners.We’re proud to be recognized as a worldwide leader in the responsible sourcing of mineralsin our products. Our product designs also consider the safety of those who make, use, andrecycle our products, restricting the use of hundreds of harmful substances. Our standards gobeyond what’s required by law to protect people and the environment. By removing select inboxaccessories across all of iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro models, we anticipate avoiding theequivalent of mining more than 600,000 metric tons of of copper, zinc, and tin ore.4TungstenRare earth elementsPlasticTinWe use 100 percent recycledtungsten in the Taptic Engine. Thisrepresents 99 percent of the totaltungsten in the device—a first fora smartphone.We use 100 percent recycled rareearth elements in all magnets,representing an unprecedented98 percent of the total rare earthelements in the device.We’re transitioning to plasticsfrom renewable or recycledsources as alternatives tofossil fuel–based plastics.For iPhone 12 mini, we use35 percent or more recycledplastic in eight components.We use 100 percent recycledtin in the solder of the mainlogic board. Apple also requires100 percent of identified tin,tantalum, tungsten, gold, andcobalt smelters and refiners toparticipate in third-party audits.5Smarter chemistryiPhone 12 mini is free of harmful substances like beryllium, brominated flame retardants, PVC,phthalates, arsenic in the display glass, and mercury.1 And 100 percent of the materials iniPhone 12 mini are covered by our Regulated Substances Specification. We go beyond what’srequired by aiming to understand the non-regulated substances in every part of every product—an effort that requires an industry-leading level of transparency through the entire supplychain. We consistently identify the makeup of over 75 percent by mass of iPhone devices.3iPhone 12 miniProduct Environmental Report
MakeMakeSourceMaterialsProductlife cycleRecoverPackageand ShipUseThe Apple Supplier Code of Conduct sets strict standards for theprotection of people in our supply chain and the planet that weall share. Every year, we assess our suppliers’ performance inupholding the standards required by our Code.We work closely with our suppliers to provide safe and healthy workplaces where peopleare treated with dignity and respect, and to reduce suppliers’ environmental impact. Ourrequirements apply across our supply chain, and include the responsible sourcing of materials.From the strong foundation set by our Code, we go further—from helping suppliers transitionto renewable energy, to providing educational opportunities for their employees, to supportingfinal assembly suppliers in reducing waste.Supplier energy useZero Waste to LandfillGreener chemicalsAll iPhone 12 mini final assembly suppliersites use safer cleaners and degreasersiPhone 12 mini final assemblysupplier sites do not generateany waste sent to landfill.7All iPhone 12 mini final assemblysupplier sites are transitioning to100 percent renewable energy forApple production.in their manufacturing processes, asdetermined by the GreenScreen assessment method.64iPhone 12 miniProduct Environmental Report
Package and ShipMakeSourceMaterialsProductlife cycleRecoverPackageand ShipUseiPhone 12 mini packaging is made with 100 percent recycled andresponsibly sourced wood fiber.To improve our packaging, we are working to eliminate plastics, increase recycled content, anduse less packaging overall. All of the wood fiber in our packaging is either recycled or comes fromresponsibly managed forests.8 And we have protected or created enough responsibly managedforests to cover all the virgin wood fiber we use in our packaging.9 This ensures working forestsare able to regrow and continue to clean our air and purify our water. With the removal of selectinbox accessories, we reduced the weight of the iPhone 12 mini packaging by 29 percent and wereduced the carbon footprint from shipping.10 And for the first time, we’ve replaced plastic filmsthat protect the display with ones made from fiber—one step closer to eliminating plastics in ourpackaging.92%of the packaging10is fiber based, due to ourwork to use less plasticin packaging70%recycled content infiber packaging100%of the virgin woodfiber in the packagingcomes from responsiblymanaged forests85iPhone 12 miniProduct Environmental Report
UseMakeSourceMaterialsProductlife cycleRecoverPackageand ShipUseiPhone 12 mini uses 58 percent less energy than the energyconservation standard.We design our products to be energy efficient, long lasting, and safe. iPhone 12 mini usessoftware and power-efficient components that intelligently manage power consumption. Wealso run our own Reliability and Environmental Testing Labs, so our products go through rigoroustesting before they leave our doors. Our support continues throughout each product’s life cycle,with regular software updates to keep devices current and a network of authorized repairprofessionals to service them, if necessary.U.S. Department ofEnergy standardiPhone 12 miniEnergy efficiencyApple devices consistently exceed the U.S. Department of Energy FederalEnergy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers.11 iPhone 12 miniconsumes 58 percent less energy than required by this standard.kWhUses less energykWhUses more energyDesigned to lastiPhone 12 mini will launch withiOS 14, which offers features tooptimize battery charging andreduce the effects of battery aging.Made with smarterchemistryWe apply rigorous controls formaterials users touch—all basedon recommendations fromtoxicologists and dermatologists.6iPhone 12 miniProduct Environmental Report
RecoverMakeProductlife cycleSourceMaterialsRecoverPackageand ShipUseReturn your product with Apple Trade In and we’ll ensure it hasa long life or recycle it for free.When products are used longer, fewer resources are extracted from the earth. That’s why welaunched Apple Trade In—it offers customers a seamless way to return their old devices andaccessories to Apple. Eligible devices can be traded in for credit or an Apple Store Gift Card,while accessories and other devices can be recycled for free.12 We also offer and participatein product take-back and recycling collection programs for 99 percent of the countries wherewe sell products—and we hold our recyclers to high standards. Our efforts to keep harmfulsubstances out of our products also mean our materials are safer to recover and reuse.iPhone recyclingWe designed a disassembly robot, Daisy, to takeapart iPhone devices into distinct components. Ournewest disassembly robot, Dave, takes the next step:disassembling the Taptic Engine to recover materialslike rare earth elements and tungsten.See Dave in action7iPhone 12 miniProduct Environmental Report
DefinitionsRecycled materials: Recycling makes better useof finite resources by sourcing from recovered ratherthan mined materials. Recycled content claims formaterials used in our products have been verifiedby an independent third party to a recycled contentstandard that conforms to ISO 14021.Bio-based plastics: Bio-based plastics are madefrom biological sources rather than from fossil-fuelsources. Bio-based plastics allow us to reduce relianceon fossil fuels.Renewable materials: We define bio-materials asthose that can be regenerated in a human lifespan,like paper fibers or sugarcane. Bio-materials canhelp us use fewer finite resources. But even thoughbio-materials have the ability to regrow, they are notalways managed responsibly. Renewable materialsare a type of bio-material managed in a way thatenables continuous production without depletingearth’s resources. That’s why we focus on sourcesthat are certified for their management practices.Supplier Clean Energy Program: Since the electricityused to make our products is the largest contributor toour overall carbon footprint, we’re helping our suppliersbecome more energy efficient and transition to newrenewable energy sources. We’re committed totransitioning our entire manufacturing supply chainto 100 percent renewable electricity by 2030.Carbon footprint: Estimated emissions are calculatedin accordance with guidelines and requirements asspecified by ISO 14040 and ISO 14044. There isinherent uncertainty in modeling carbon emissionsdue primarily to data limitations. For the top componentcontributors to Apple’s carbon emissions, Appleaddresses this uncertainty by developing detailedprocess-based environmental models with Applespecific parameters. For the remaining elements ofApple’s carbon footprint, we rely on industry averagedata and assumptions. Calculation includes emissionsfor the following life cycle phases contributing toGlobal Warming Potential (GWP 100 years) in CO2equivalency factors (CO2e): Production: Includes the extraction, production,and transportation of raw materials, as well as themanufacture, transport, and assembly of all partsand product packaging. Transport: Includes air and sea transportation ofthe finished product and its associated packagingfrom manufacturing site to regional distribution hubs.Transport of products from distribution hubs to endcustomers is modeled using average distances basedon regional geography. Use: Apple assumes a three- or four-year periodfor power use by first owners based on the producttype. Product use scenarios are based on historicalcustomer use data for similar products. Geographicdifferences in the power grid mix have beenaccounted for at a regional level. End-of-life processing: Includes transportation fromcollection hubs to recycling centers and the energyused in mechanical separation and shredding ofparts. For more information on the carbon footprint,visit apple.com/environment/answers.Endnotes1 Appledefines its restrictions on harmful substances, including definitions for what Apple considers to be “free of,”in the Apple Regulated Substances Specification. Every Apple product is free of PVC and phthalates with theexception of AC power cords in India, Thailand (for 2-prong AC power cords), and South Korea, where we continueto seek government approval for our PVC and phthalates replacement. Apple products comply with the EuropeanUnion Directive 2011/65/EU and its amendments, including exemptions for the use of lead such as high-temperaturesolder. Apple is working to phase out the use of these exempted substances where technically possible.2 iPhone12 mini achieved a Gold rating in the United States and Canada, in accordance with IEEE 1680.1 or UL 110,and is listed as such on the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) Registry. EPEAT registerscomputers, displays, and mobile phones based on environmental requirements in these standards. For moreinformation, visit www.epeat.net.3 Greenhousegas emissions were calculated using a life cycle assessment methodology in accordance with ISO14040 and 14044 standards and based on iPhone 12 mini with 64GB storage configuration. We often update ourcarbon models to leverage new information.iPhone 12 mini carbon footprint8iPhone 12 mini64GB64 kg CO2e128GB69 kg