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Special Issue - 2019International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)ISSN: 2278-0181NCRACES - 2019 Conference ProceedingsA Novel Approach on Ceiling Fan BasedSystem to Avoid Suicide by HangingDr. B. M. JayadevappaRaghavendra S NarsapurBasavaraj P HiremathHOD & Professor, Department of Electronics &Department of Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Instrumentation Engineering, Bapuji Institute of Engineering& Technology, Davangere, KarnatakaBapuji Institute of Engineering and Technology,Davangere,1ABSTRACT: Suicide by hanging is very alarming in India. Asper report of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB),Government of India, quite good number of hanging cases isreported every year. Most of the hanging cases are commonlysuicidal. Homicidal case subsequently creating a scene ofhanging is extremely rare. In order to distinguish betweensuicidal/homicidal hangings, the examination of crime sceneon various key points in undisturbed condition followed byautopsy study is necessary to discover the real fact. Theobjective of this study was to focus on various factorsassociated with suicide by hanging at India with a view toidentify the areas of intervention. In order to overcome theseproblem the main objective of the project is to reduce thesuicide attempts occurring through ceiling fan.The proposed project design consists of ceiling fan withhardware components of RENESAS microcontroller, PIR andForce sensor, Buzzer, GSM module, switch and DC motor.And software used are Cube suite and RENESAS flashprogrammer. Whenever the person triesto hang the force sensor senses the set weight, if it’smore than the set point weight, the beam gets elongated andcomes down. In addition to these the alarm is sounded andGSM sends the message to the particular guardians. Providedwith the help of algorithm the speed and movement of thebeam is monitored.In order to overcome these problem the main objective ofthe project is to reduce the suicide attempts occurringthrough ceiling fan.The proposed project design consists ofceiling fan withhardware components of RENESAS microcontroller, PIRand Force sensor, Buzzer, GSM module, switch and DCmotor. And software used are Cube suite and RENESASflash programmer.Whenever the person tries to hang the force sensor sensesthe set weight, if it’s more than the set point weight, thebeam gets elongated and comes down. In addition to thesethe alarm is sounded and GSM sends the message to theparticular guardians. Provided with the help of algorithmthe speed and movement of the beam is monitored.II METHODOLOGYKeywords: Ceiling Fan, Automation, CubeSuite I. INTRODUCTIONSuicide is a major socioeconomic and public health issueworldwide. Hanging is one of the 10 leading causes ofdeath in the world accounting more than a million deathsannually. In India, hanging is second common method ofcommitting suicide after poisoning. Over the past 30 yearsthe incidence of suicide by hanging is on increase,especially among young adults. The fact that 71% ofsuicides in India are by persons below the age of 44 yearsimposes a huge social, emotional and economic burden onour society. Its prevention is still a challenging job forpublic health authorities. A detailed knowledge of variousfactors associated with suicidal hanging in that particulargeographical area is very much necessary to prevent suchsuicides. Keeping this in mind we conducted a prospectivestudy at India, to focus on the various factors associatedwith suicidal hanging; with a view to identify the areas ofintervention.Volume 7, Issue 10Figure 1: Block diagram of a novel approach on ceiling fan based systemto avoid suicide by hangingThe main objective of the project is to reduce the suicideattempts occurring through ceiling fan.The proposedproject design consists of ceiling fan withhardware components of RENESAS microcontroller, PIRand Force sensor, Buzzer, GSM module, switch and DCmotor. And software used are Cube suite and RENESASflash programmer.The microcontroller located at the centreof the block diagram forms the control unit of the entireproject.Fordemo concern, we are using DC motor whichgives the movement for Fan this motor requires L293driver circuit to drive. Here accelerometer is used to knowthe humanPublished by, www.ijert.org1

International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)ISSN: 2278-0181NCRACES - 2019 Conference ProceedingsPressure123VccGNDO /PU33 5V 5VU10Tx 12V1 5V2GSMRx31U1 5VVccVSSINPUT 41A CC ELER O MET ERU2514 OUTPUT 1X25YGSM34516ENABLE 13 INPUT 124GND1514OUTPUT 4GND13GNDGND12GND11ZGND678M15VOUTPUT 2INPUT 2OUTPUT 3INPUT 3 9VS10U23ENABLE 2L293DFA NACCELEROMETER 5V 5VPOS2MOTOR 1 5V64636261605958575655545352515049U21U314P42/T I04/TO 04P22/ A N I2P23/ A N I3P 24/ A N I4SW 1PDTP25 /A NI5 P26 /AN I6P 27 /A K10/SCL10P30P2/ANI0/AVrefpP21/ANI1/AVrefmmovement, based on the accelerometer values we areconsidering the person is trying to hanging. Whenever theperson tries to hang the force sensor senses the set weight,if it’s more than the set point weight, the beam getselongated and comes down. In addition to these the alarm issounded and GSM sends the message to the particularguardians.Provided with the help of algorithm the speed andmovement of the beam is monitored.P147/ANI18 4734846P146P10/SCK 00/SCL 6)/(TO06)P12/SO00 /TxD0/TOO LTxD/(INTP5)/(TI05)/(TO05)12DEMO POINTS:P120/ANI19P14/RxD2/SI20/SDA20/(3 P43TXD042P17/TI02/TO02/(SO00)/(TXD0)38 5VP55/(PCLBUZ1)/( SCK0 ) O1111P122/X2/EX CLK12 P121/X1 5VRXD043417 RESET844P13/TxD2 /SO20/ (SDAA0) /(T I04) /( O02) 405 P41/TI07/TO076RESETPZ1PIEZO BUZZERP50/INTP1/SI11/SDA1113 REGC14 Vss-EVss011516VddEVdd02 R112470ET1NPN BC5473171819202122324252627289303132A prototype module will be developed for the project. Itincludes individual PCB boards for all interfaces accordingto the block diagram. Every PCB will be inter-connectedwith jumper wires.RL78 R5F100LEA 64PINU17PIR SENSOR 5VU21 5V1 23 5VVSSVOUTVDD1LCD: For demo concern and is used to display all ongoinginformation2LED KLEDADB 7DB 6DB 5D B4DB3DB2DB 1DB 0ER/ WR SV 0VDDV SSThe hardware and software used to design the homegateway and device nodes have also been presented in thesame work3SW 1PDTU716x2 ALPHA LCDFigure 2: Overall schematic diagram of a novel approach on ceilingfan based system to avoid suicide by hanging.A.RENESAS MICROCONTROLLERGSM: It will be responsible for sending and receiving themessages.A person having central control and its data will be able toknow about a home’s intimate and private informationfrom the data at its disposal, like if a home’s room AC isoff or on, this may cause serious privacy concerns.Accelerometer: It is used to detect the human movements.L293: It is used as driver for the DC motor.Switch: It is used for indicating upward movement.PIR Sensor : It is used to detecting the human presence.Figure 3: RENESAS Microcontroller Pin DiagramIII. IMPLEMENTATIONGeneral-purpose register: 8 bits 32 registers (8bits 8 registers 4 banks)ROM: 512 KB, RAM: 32 KB, Data flashmemory: 8 KBOn-chip high-speed on-chip oscillatorOn-chip single-power-supply flash memory (withprohibition of block erase/writing function)On-chip debug functionThe complete implementation of the system is shown in fig2. The following components are used RENESAS Microcontroller PIR Sensor Force Sensor BUZZER ACCELEROMETER LCD DisplayB.FORCE SENSORFigure 4: Circuit Diagram of Force sensorVolume 7, Issue 10NE GSpecial Issue - 2019Published by, www.ijert.org2

Special Issue - 2019International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)ISSN: 2278-0181NCRACES - 2019 Conference ProceedingsA Force Sensor is defined as a transducer that converts aninput mechanical force into an electrical output signal. Inour prototype model whenever the person tries to hang theforce sensorsenses the set weight, if it’s more than the setpoint weight, the beam gets elongated and comes down.Therefore the pressure applied on theperson’s neck will be reduced and simultaneously theperson’s feet’s will touch the ground. AForce-sensing resistor is a material whose resistancechanges when a force or pressure applied. They are alsoknown as force sensitive resistor. It is made up of steel,aluminum, or Beryllium-copper alloy. Force sensor worksat 40 kHz. Ideal for innovative product design - thin, lightweight, low power requirements. Force as the accuracy of 5% full scale.C. PIR SENSORD. BUZZERFigure 6: Buzzer and its interfaceA buzzer or beeper is an audio signaling device, which maybe mechanical, electromechanical, or piezoelectric. It’s alsoan integrated structure of electronic transducers, DC powersupply, widely used in computers, printers, copiers, alarms,electronic toys, automotive electronic equipment,telephones, timers and other electronic products for sounddevices. In our prototype model if suicidal hanging casesare taking place in privacy place,the Buzzer will buzzes outmakes the indication to their belongings who are outsidefrom privacy place. Active buzzer 5V Rated power canbeing connected to a continuous sound.Specifications:Figure 5: PIR sensor and its interfaceA passive infrared sensor is an electronic sensor thatmeasures infrared light radiating from objects in its field ofview. They are most often used in PIR-based motiondetectors. PIR sensor are commonly used in security alarmsand automatic lighting application. In our prototype modelPIR sensors allow you to sense motion, almost always usedto detect whether a human has moved in or out of thesensors range. If the person is in the range of sensingdistance(20 meters) the ceiling fan automatically ON’s ,ifnot it automatically OFF’s. Therefore Energy conservationcan be obtained. Basically sensors are small, inexpensive,low-power, easy to use and are basically made of a pyroelectric sensor. Pin Configuration: On board PIR Sensor.Output: Digital pulse high (3V) when triggered(motion detected) digital low when idle (no motiondetected).Power supply: 5V-12V input voltage for mostmodules (they have a 3.3V regulator), but 5V is idealin case the regulator has different specsSensitivity range: up to 20 feet (6 meters) 110 x70 detection range.Volume 7, Issue 10VCCInputGroundIV. SOFTWARE ASPECTSA.Specification:On-board passive buzzerOn-board 8550 triode driveCancontrolwithsingle-chipmicrocontroller IO directlyWorking voltage: 5VBoard size: 22 (mm) x12 (mm)CUBE SUITE Integrated development environment provides simplicity,security, and ease of use in developing software throughiterative cycles of editing, building and debugging thattypifies software development .Easy to install and operate,Cube Suite offers a highly user friendly developmentenvironment featuring significantly shorter build times andgraphical debug functions. The robust lineup of expandedfunctions and user support functions ensures a dependableenvironment for all users basic software tools fordeveloping software for RENESAS MCUs immediatelyafter the initial installation. Cube Suite is also compatiblewith RENESAS hardware tools including the E2 and E1 onchip debugging emulators which facilitates advanceddebugging. Abundant extensions and functions for usersupport ensures a dependable environment for all users.Published by, www.ijert.org3

Special Issue - 2019International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)ISSN: 2278-0181NCRACES - 2019 Conference ProceedingsB. RENESAS FLASH PROGRAMMERThe RENESAS Flash Programmer provides usable andfunctional support for programming the on chip flashmemory of RENESAS microcontroller in each phase ofdevelopment and mass production.Whenever the person tries to hang the force sensor senses theset weight, if it’s more than the set point weight, the beam getselongated and comes down. In addition to these the alarm issounded and GSM sends the message to the particularguardians.V. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONFigure 7: Photograph of a Ceiling Fan Based System to AvoidSuicide by hanging system prototype.Figure 9: Images showing the automation of ceiling fan displayfor usage of House hold application.Ceiling fan can be automated up and down with the help oftoggle switches for the household cleaning purpose andPIR sensor can be used for sensing the human motion, ifyes the Fan automatically ON’s if not it OFF’s. Thereforethe Energy conservation can be done.ADVANTAGES1.Figure 8: Images showing the Initialization of the system withdisplay of project title name.2.3.4.5.Eliminates ceiling fans from being used as aids tocommitting suicide.Automatic ON/OFF Control using PIR Sensor.Energy conservation.System scalability and easy extension.Integration of mobile devicesCONCLUSIONFigure 8: Images showing the weight sensed by the Force Sensorand emergency message sent by the GSM module.The prototype model is designed using structured modelingand is able to provide the desired results. It can besuccessfully implemented as a Real Time system withcertain modifications. Science is discovering or creatingmajor breakthrough in various fields, and hence technologykeeps changing from time to time. Going further, most ofthe units can be fabricated on a single along withmicrocontroller thus making the system compact therebymaking the existing system more effective. To make thesystem applicable for real time purposes components withgreater range needs tobe implemented.Volume 7, Issue 10Published by, www.ijert.org4

Special Issue - 2019International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)ISSN: 2278-0181NCRACES - 2019 Conference a kumari, Suicidal Hanging: A Prospective Study