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Basic Drug CardsTable of Contents1ACE INHIBITORS . 32ANGIOTENSIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS (ARB) . 33ANTICOAGULANTS . 44ANTI-PLATELET . 45ANTI-DEPRESSANTS . 56ANTI-NAUSEA ANTI-VERTIGO . 57BETA-BLOCKERS . 68CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS . 69CEPHALOSPORINS. 710CORTICOSTERIODS . 711DIURETICS-THIAZIDES. 812NARCOTIC-ANALGESIC . 813NEUROPATHIC PAIN MEDICATIONS . 914NON-STERIODAL ANTI- INFLAMMATORY AGENTS . 915QUINOLONES . 1016SEDATIVES . 1117STATIN ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMIC AGENTS . 1118Food and Drug Interaction Reference . 12Nursing School Made Simple Guaranteed 2014 SimpleNursing.com All Rights Reserved.Page 2 of 14

Basic Drug Cards1ACE INHIBITORSIndicatorsMost FrequentlyCommon SidePrescribed Brand Names EffectsAngiotensin (AN-jee-oh-tensin)- converting enzyme (ACE)inhibitors treat high bloodpressure, certain heartconditions, and kidney diseaseAtlace (Ramipril) Accupril(Quinapril) Capoten(Captopril) Lotensin(Benazepril) Monoporil(Fosinopril) Prinivil/Zestril(Lisinopril) Vasotec(Enalapril)2Side Effects Which RequireImmediate Contact With TheDoctor Cough (dry andcontinuing) Chest Pain Extreme weaknessHeadache Fever, chills of sore throatDizziness, light- Hoarsenessheadedness,fainting, ortiredness Irregular Heartbeat numbness or tingling in hands or feet Skin rash, severe itching orhives Swelling of face, moth, handsor feet Trouble breathing orswallowing Nausea orvomiting Diarrhea or constipationANGIOTENSIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS (ARB)IndicatorsMost FrequentlyCommon SidePrescribed Brand Names EffectsTreats high blood pressure and Cozaar (Losartan) Diovanprotect kidney(Valsartan) Atacand(Candesartan) Benicar(Olmesartan) Avapro(Irbesartan)Micardis (Telmisartan)Nursing School Made Simple Guaranteed 2014 SimpleNursing.com All Rights Reserved. Dizziness Headache Excessivetiredness Diarrhea Stomach upset Back pain Joint painSide Effects Which RequireImmediate Contact With TheDoctor Swelling of face, throat,tongue, lips, eyes, hands,feet, ankles, or lower legs Hoarseness Difficulty breathing orswallowing FaintingPage 3 of 14

Basic Drug Cards3ANTICOAGULANTSDrug Class & IndicationsMost FrequentlyPrescribed Brand NamesCommon Side EffectsSide Effects which RequireImmediate Contact WithThe DoctorThese medications are usedto thin the blood so that clotswill not form. Lovenox maybe used to treat blood clotsor to decrease heart attacksin patients who haveunstable angina or mild heartattacks.Coumadin (Warfarin)Lovenox (Enoxaparin)Fragmin (Dalteparin) Arixtra(Fondaparinux) Bleeding problems Headaches (Coumadin) Nausea or vomiting(Coumadin) Irritation where the shotis givenSigns of lifethreatening reactions(i.e. wheezing, badcough, chest tightness,blue skin color,swelling of face, lips,tongue, or throat) Severe dizziness orpassing out Swelling or pain of legor arm Severe headache Severe nausea orvomiting Unusual or bleeding Any rash No improving conditionor feeling worse4ANTI-PLATELETMost Frequently Prescribed BrandNamesCommon Side EffectsSide Effects which Require ImmediateContact With The DoctorPlavic (Clopidogrel)Aggrenox(Aspirin/Dipyridamole) Pletal (Cilostazol)Trental (Pentoxifylline) Ticlid (Ticlopidine)Aspirin Dizziness Stomach pain/heartburn Nausea/VomitingSigns of life threatening reactions(i.e. wheezing, bad cough, chesttightness, blue skin color, swellingof face, lips, tongue, or throat) Diarrhea Suspected overdose Bleeding problem Change in strength on one sidegreater than the other, difficultyspeaking or thinking, change inbalance, or blurred vision. Significant change in thinkingclearly and logically Severe headache Severe nausea or vomiting Unusual bruising or bleeding Any rash No improving condition or feelingworseNursing School Made Simple Guaranteed 2014 SimpleNursing.com All Rights Reserved.Page 4 of 14

Basic Drug Cards5ANTI-DEPRESSANTSDrug Class & Indications Most Frequently Prescribed Common Side EffectsBrand NamesTreats depression, mooddisorder6Zoloft (Sertraline) Paxil(Paroxetine) Prozac(Fluoxetine) Lexapro(Escotalopram) Celexa(Citalopram)Wellbutrin (Buproprion)Cymbalta (Duloxetine) Upset stomach Diarrhea Vomiting Side Effects whichRequire ImmediateContact With The Doctor Hallucinating (Seeingthings or hearingvoices that do notexist)Drowsiness, excessive,tiredness Seizure Nervousness Abnormal bleeding or Difficulty falling asleepor bruising Blurred vision Rapid or irregularheartbeat Skin rash staying asleep Muscle or joint pain Dry mouth Excessive sweating Changes in sex driveANTI-NAUSEA ANTI-VERTIGOIndicationsMost Frequently Prescribed Common Side EffectsBrand NamesRelieves nauseaand/or vomiting. Someare also used to treatallergic- reactions anditching.Benadryl (Diphenhydramine)Phenergan (Promethazine)Compazine(Prochlorperazine) Vistaril(Hydroxyzine)Nursing School Made Simple Guaranteed 2014 SimpleNursing.com All Rights Reserved. Drowsiness ordizzinessTrouble sleeping,restlessness,depressionSide Effects which RequireImmediate Contact With TheDoctor Lightheadedness or fainting. Fast, slow, or irregularheartbeat Slow or troubled breathing Muscle spasms, weakness,or stiffness Dry mouth Constipation Blurred vision, dryeyes, or eyes moresensitive to light.Problems with balance orwalking. Redness, swelling, pain, orburning near injection site. Severe neck pain. Fever, chills, body aches,sore throat, or cough. Severe sleepiness, troublethinking clearly, or a changein behavior. Shaking, twitching, or musclemovements, including jerkymovement in face, tongue, orjaw.Page 5 of 14

Basic Drug Cards7BETA-BLOCKERSIndicatorsMost FrequentlyPrescribedBrand NamesCommon Side EffectsSide Effects WhichRequire ImmediateContact With TheDoctorTreats high blood pressureLopressor (Metoprolol)Toprol-XL (Metoprolol)Tenormin (Atenolol) Inderal(Propranolol) Zebeta(Bisoprolol) Betapace(Sotalol) Coreg (Carvedilol) Dizziness orlightheadedness Rapid heart rate orirregular heartbeat Tiredness Shortness of breath gas or bloating Wheezing Heartburn ConstipationSwelling of hands, feet,ankles, or lower legs Rash or itching Unusual weight gain Cold hands and feet Fainting8CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERSIndicatorsMost FrequentlyPrescribedBrand NamesCommon Side EffectsSide Effects WhichRequire ImmediateContact With TheDoctorTreats high blood pressureCardizem (Diltiazem)Norvasc (Amlodipine)Procardia XL/Adat(Nifedipine) Dizziness orlightheadedness Flushing (feeling ofwarmth)Swelling of face, eyes,lips, tongue, arms, orlegs Difficulty breathing orswallowing Fainting Rash Fever Chest painPlendil (Felodipine) Sular(Nisoldipine) Calan(Verapamil)Nursing School Made Simple Guaranteed 2014 SimpleNursing.com All Rights Reserved. Headache Excessive tiredness Slower heartbeat Upset stomach o Lossof appetite o Vomiting ConstipationPage 6 of 14

Basic Drug Cards9CEPHALOSPORINSIndicatorsMost FrequentlyPrescribedBrand NamesCommonSide EffectsSide Effects Which RequireImmediate Contact With TheDoctorAntibiotic (treat infection)Cephalexin (Keflex) Cefaclor(Ceclor) Cefadroxil (Duricef)Cefuroxime (Ceftin)Cefdinir (Omnicef) Diarrhea Difficulty breathing or swallowing Headache Rash Nausea Confusion, dizziness, hallucination Vomiting Abdominal pain10CORTICOSTERIODSIndicatorsMost Frequently PrescribedBrand NamesCommon Side EffectsSide Effects WhichRequire ImmediateContact With TheDoctorTreat asthma, seriousskin disorders, arthritis,and other conditions.Medrol (Methylprednisoline),Hydrocortisone,Prednisone, Upset stomach, stomachirritation Swollen face, lower legsor ankles Vomiting Vision problems Headache DizinessColds or infection thatlasts a long time Restlessness, insomnia Muscle weakness Depression AnxietyHallucinations or suddenmood changes Bloody or black stoolsCelestone (Betamethasone)Decadron (Dexamethasone)Nursing School Made Simple Guaranteed 2014 SimpleNursing.com All Rights Reserved.Page 7 of 14

Basic Drug Cards11DIURETICS-THIAZIDESIndicatorsMost FrequentlyPrescribedBrand NamesCommon Side EffectsSide Effects Which RequireImmediate Contact With TheDoctorTreats high bloodpressure and fluidretention (edema). Thismedicine is a diuretic(water pill).Hydrochlorothiazide,Lasix(Furosemide) Loss of appetite Mild diarrhea orstomach upsetAllergic reaction: Itching or hives,swelling in face or hands,swelling, numbness or tingling inthe mouth, throat, hands or feet,tightness in chest, troublebreathing Blood in urine or stools Confusion, weakness, irregularheartbeat, shortness of breath Dry mouth, increased thirst,muscle cramps, nausea orvomiting Fever chills, cough, hoarseness Problems urinating, pain in sideor lower back Skin rash or itching Unusual bleeding or bruising Yellow eyes or skin12NARCOTIC-ANALGESICIndicatorsMost Frequently PrescribedBrand NamesCommon Side EffectsSide Effects WhichRequire Immediate ContactWith The DoctorRelieves painPercocet,Oxycontin in ophen) Change involume/frequency ofurination Cold, clammy skin. Feeling unusually anxious Allergic reaction: Itchingor hives, swelling inface or hands, swellingor tingling in mouth orthroat, chest tightness,trouble breathing.excited, fearful, or tied. Dizziness.Nausea, vomiting,constipation, stomach painor upset, or heartburn. Seeing or hearingthings Skin rash. that are not there. Vision changes Very slow heartbeat.Darvocet-N 100(Propoxyphene/Acetamin ophen)Tylenol w/CodeineMS Contin (Morphine) Nubain(Nalbuphine)Stadol (Butorphanol)Nursing School Made Simple Guaranteed 2014 SimpleNursing.com All Rights Reserved.Page 8 of 14

Basic Drug Cards13NEUROPATHIC PAIN MEDICATIONSIndicatorsMost Frequently PrescribedBrand NamesCommon Side EffectsSide Effects WhichRequire ImmediateContact With TheDoctorTreats nerve painNeurontin (Gabapentin) Lyrica(pregabalin) Drowsiness Skin rash Fatigue Itching Blurred vision Double vision ConstipationDifficultymoving orbreathing Flatulence Clumsiness Increased appetite Fever Tremor Flu-likesymptomsAnxiety HeadacheIrregular or fastheartbeat Peripheral edema Seizures14NON-STERIODAL ANTI- INFLAMMATORY AGENTSIndicatorsMost FrequentlyPrescribed Brand NamesCommon Side EffectsSide Effects WhichRequire ImmediateContact With TheDoctorFor pain and/orinflammation.Motrin/Advil (Ibuprofen)Naprosyn (Naproxen)Indocin (Indomethacin)Voltaren (Diclofenac)Toradol (Ketorolac) Feldene(Piroxicam) Celebrex(Celecoxib) Mobic(Meloxicam)Salsalate Headache Rash, itching Dizziness Bloody vomit Nervousness Upset stomach, pain orcrampsBloody diarrhea orblack, tarry stools Ringing in the ears Vomiting Blurred vision Constipation Diarrhea FlatulenceSwelling of hands,feet, ankles or lowerlegs. Toradol is for shortterm use only (max 5days)Nursing School Made Simple Guaranteed 2014 SimpleNursing.com All Rights Reserved.Page 9 of 14

Basic Drug Cards15QUINOLONESIndicatorsMost FrequentlyPrescribed Brand NamesAntibiotic (treat infection)Levaquin (Levaflocaxin)Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) Avelox(Moxifloxacin)Nursing School Made Simple Guaranteed 2014 SimpleNursing.com All Rights Reserved.Common Side EffectsSide Effects WhichRequire ImmediateContact With TheDoctor Allergic reaction:Itching ir hives,swelling in face orhands, swelling ortingling in mouth orthroat, chest tightness,trouble breathing. Feeling nervous,restless, or anxious. Headache, baddreams, troublesleeping. Mild sin rash or itching. Nausea, vomiting,stomach pain, gas.Blistering, peeling redskin rash. Sores or white patchesin mouth or throatBloody urine, orchange in volume orfrequency Vaginal itching ordischarge Chest pain, or aheartbeat that is fast,pounding or uneven. Confusion, or unusualthoughts or behavior. Diarrhea that maycontain blood. Numbness, tingling,pain, burning,weakness, or loss offeeling anywhere inbody. Seizures, severeheadache. Tremors