INTRODUCTIONThis guide provides a brief overview of some of the resources available to internationally-trained engineers in Maryland.The licensing process can be complex, costly, and time-consuming. In addition to sharing the process of becominglicensed to work as an engineer, this guide offers alternative careers and information about training and academic options.Your career pathway is made up of educational and professional decisions that can open doors to new opportunities. Evenif you worked as an engineer in another country, you will need to obtain a license and credentials to work as an engineerin Maryland. This guide can help you choose the next step on your career pathway.Disclaimer: This information is provided only as an overview. All programs, processes, and/or fees are subject to change.Please verify all information with the appropriate agency. (Updated as of 2018.)OVERVIEW OF ENGINEERING JOBS IN MARYLANDMaryland has many career opportunities in engineering, and the field is growing! The top in-demand job titles includecivil engineer, electrical engineer, electronics engineer, and mechanical engineer.The kinds of skills that engineers in Maryland are required to have include: Knowledge of job expectations in the United States;Punctuality, respect, and good communication skills;Computer Aided Design (CAD); andStrong math and science skills.It is important to know the likelihood of getting a job as well as theprobable wages. Labor market information for Maryland showsthat over the next ten years, engineering jobs are projected togrow 14.8%, or 6,060 jobs in our state*.DID YOU KNOW?Immigrants account for almost 1 in every5 workers in Maryland. 36% of workers inthe life, physical and social sciences areimmigrants.Source: American Immigration Council 2018The chart below shows average salaries and the number of job openings in 2017 for the top four in-demand types ofengineers. When you first start an engineering job in the United States – even if you worked in engineering in a differentcountry – you may start at an entry-level wage, which is usually lower than average. Other types of engineers can visitO*Net foradditionalinformation:In-Demand Job Titles* Average WageOpen Jobs in 2017Civil Engineers 86,0101,192Electrical Engineers 109,3801,691Electronics Engineers 122,810723Mechanical Engineers 104,2501,756 is also important to know that having United States citizenship may be required to work with any government agency orcontractor. Find out more about how to become a citizen or about citizenship preparation resources in your community -citizenship.*Source: Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation-1-

TRANSFERRABLE SKILLS FOR ALTERNATIVE CAREERSBecause obtaining an engineering license takes time, money, and effort, it may not be the best step for you right now. As atrained engineer, you have many skills that you can use in different careers in the United States. Common transferrableskills that you can take with you to other jobs include: Project PlanningCritical ThinkingComplex Problem-SolvingNumeracy and MathCommunication and TeamworkAttention to DetailWith these transferrable skills, you can enter fields other than engineering, sometimes more quickly. The following is alist of alternative careers or occupational fields if you decide not to pursue engineering at this time. Some of thesepositions are entry-level jobs, but they could allow you to gain experience in the United States to include on your résuméand may help you network with other professionals.Alternative CareersOccupation or FieldComputer Aided Design orCAD Technician/CAD DrafterComputer Numerical Controlor CNC Programmer,Machinist, or OperatorConstruction ManagementEngineering TechnicianBrief Details, Skills, and/or Educational Requirements Uses special software to create designs for manufactured products Multiple areas of specialization: civil, mechanical, or electrical drafting Typically requires a 2-year associate degree Programs, sets up, or operates a CNC machine to increase efficiency whilemaintaining quality Training programs and Registered Apprenticeships available Logistics, Operations, andSupply Chain Management Teaching Telecommunications Web Development Plans and supervises new construction projectsTypically requires a bachelor’s degreeJobs available primarily in the electrical and mechanical engineering fieldsWorks closely with licensed engineers to design and develop systems and processesTypically requires at least a high school diploma, with some employers requiring a 2year associate degreeJobs that link the manufacturing, sales, and transport of productsEntry-level positions may include working at a distribution center or manufacturingplant and do not require a lot of educationOpportunities to instruct courses in high schools, community colleges, orcolleges/universitiesTypically requires a bachelor’s degree or higherJobs available as entry-level cable installers or repairers to work on services relatedto laying or replacing cable linesTypically requires a high school diploma and a certification that can be obtained at acommunity collegeOpportunities in information technology may focus on creating web applications andwebsites through HTML, JavaScript, SQL, or PythonMay require a bachelor’s degree, but experience may be preferred over education-2-TRAINING & EDUCATIONJOB SEARCH TIPUse the Maryland WorkforceExchange to search for available jobs:

Registered Apprenticeships are “earn and learn” programs where you work and study at the same time. The goal ofRegistered Apprenticeships, which are offered in many different occupations, is to become an expert in your field ofexperience and study. Many Registered Apprenticeships take several years to complete. Once you finish a RegisteredApprenticeship, you will be called a “journeyman” and will be at the top of your trade.There are Registered Apprenticeships in many fields, but some that may interest you include electrician, electricaltechnician, electronics mechanic/technician, machinist, machine repairer, operating engineer, plumber,steamfitter, and telecommunications installer. To see all Registered Apprenticeship options, rocc/approcc.shtml.You may also want to seek further training to improve your professional skills. Many internationally-trained engineers saythat having experience at a United States educational institution helped them return to work in their career field. It can bea beneficial addition to your résumé.Learning English is important to being part of the United States workforce. Many community colleges and localorganizations offer English classes. Some courses are in-person and others are online. Visit this site to search for Englishclasses in your area: .If you are interested in more information about training programs, such as opportunities to take CAD classes, considerenrolling at a community college. A list of all of Maryland’s community colleges is available e/html/colcom.html.While it may not be necessary, if you decide you need to continue your studies in engineering, use this resource to searchfor colleges and universities that offer engineering degrees at the associate, bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate d.-3-

CREDENTIAL EVALUATIONIf you decide to work as an engineer in Maryland, one of the early steps in getting your engineering license might be toobtain a foreign credential evaluation. Credential evaluation is the way academic degrees in one country are compared tothose in another. If you have a degree from outside of the United States, you may need to obtain a course-by-courseevaluation.When you apply for an engineering license, you may need to include a course-by-course evaluation from a company thatreceives your transcripts directly from your university. The course-by-course evaluation should be sent directly from theevaluation company to the Maryland Board for Professional Engineers (address on the last page of this guide).The credential evaluation service preferred by the Maryland Board for Professional Engineers is:NCEESNational Council of Examiners for Engineering and SurveyingToll Free: 1-800-250-3196 PROCESSLicensing information for working as an engineer in Maryland can be found through the Maryland Board for ProfessionalEngineers at Maryland, there is one professional engineer license for all types of engineers. You should plan on at least 6-12 monthsto complete the licensing process. During this time, you will have to take and pass examinations, complete applications,consider credential evaluation, and pay fees.Important Tips: You will need to know if your foreign university or educational institution is accredited by ABET, theAccreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. You can find a list of ABET-accredited programs online .aspx. Document your years of experience working as a professional engineer. Years of experience can be a combinationof those in another country and the United States as long as you have worked under your own license or anotherlicensed professional engineer. There are three ways to demonstrate your foreign education and engineering experience when applying for alicense. These are explained on the following page. Carefully consider all three options and select the one that isbest for you.-4-

Option 1ABET accredited program and 4 years of experience If you attended an engineering program that is accredited by the Accreditation Board forEngineering and Technology and have 4 years of experience working under a professionalengineer, you do not need to have a credential evaluation.Option 2Non-ABET accredited program and 8 years of experience If you did not attend an engineering program that is accredited by the Accreditation Board forEngineering and Technology but have 8 years or more of professional experience under anengineer, you will need to have your education credential evaluated by NCEES.Option 3No formal education and 12 years of experience If you were not formally trained at a university in engineering but have spent 12 or more yearsworking with a licensed engineer, you may consider this option.You may consider ANY of the options listed above when working towards your engineering license. If you, for example,have 20 years of experience from a non-ABET accredited university, it may be less expensive for you to select option 3than option 2.If you have questions about demonstrating your foreign professional experience, contact the Maryland Board forProfessional Engineers. (Contact information is listed on the final page of this resource.)Remember, patience and persistence will help you get your license. Use the Steps Toward Earning a ProfessionalEngineer License in Maryland diagram on the next page to explore the steps for each option.-5-

Steps Toward Earning a Professional EngineerLicense in MarylandSTEP 2STEP 3Engineer-In-Training Certificate Apply to Maryland Board for Professional Engineers t.shtml Application fee is 15Professional Experience and Character References File a Report of Professional Experience with the Marylandboard Obtain the signature of five character references (three must befrom licensed engineers in the United States)Application for Professional Engineer License html Up front application fee is 50 (non-refundable) License fee is 76TIME &COSTSSTEP 6Educational Requirements Credential evaluation completed by NCEES tions/ OPTION 2OPTION 3Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam*6-hour, computer-based exam with 110 questionsMay be taken three times in a 12-month period fee is 175STEP 4 OPTION 1STEP 5STEP 1Process StepsSend universitytranscripts orevaluationdirectly toboardNot applicableOptionalOptionalOptionalTime: 6-12 monthsTime: 12 monthsTime: 6-12 monthsPrinciples and Practice of Engineering (PE) Exam*Delivery and details vary by disciplineEach discipline is offered two times per year fee up to 400The amount of time and money spent to obtain a professionalengineer license will vary based on which option you chose,evaluation and translations costs, and how many times you haveto pay for exams. These figures are an approximation.*Note: The FE and PE exams administered by NCEES are only available in English.-6-

HELPFUL LINKSCareer and Employment Resources: University of Maryland’s Engineering Career Services: reer and Labor Market Information on O*Net: engineerJoin a professional association of engineers for networking and knowledge: Association of Mechanical Engineers (Baltimore): section/b/weblog/default.aspx Maryland Association of Engineers, Inc.: Resources: Learn about scholarships and other financial resources Quick Start Guide: Financial Education and Services for Maryland t/wdskilledimmigrantfinance.pdf Scholarship opportunities for New /newamereduc.shtmlMaryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation: http://www.dllr.maryland.govMaryland Office for Refugees and Asylees: es-and-asylees/Maryland Refugee Resettlement Agencies Ethiopian Community Development Council: International Rescue Committee: htt