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A Three Year Lectionary CycleYLESPAGE Lectionary set of readings One of the great ecumenical achievements Focus on a chosen Gospel each year Three year cycle Synoptics: Matthew, Mark, Luke Gospel of John features in Lent & Easter This year we spend time with LukeTO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTLuke among the GospelsAn introduction to the YEAR OF LUKEp075 Luke 24.51-54 John 1.1-16SCHOOLOF THEOLOGYCHRISTCHURCH CATHEDRAL GRAFTON 2014 C.Gregory 2019 GREGORYJENK C. JenksYLESPAGESCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksLuke outside the Lectionary:(1) Material unique to LukeLuke outside the Lectionary:(2) Activities // Matt & Mark 1:1–4 1:5–25 1:67,80 3:23–38 10:21–24 19:41–44 4:31–44 Jesus at Capernaum 5:12–32 Jesus heals leper & paralysed man;Prologue to GospelConception of John Baptistthen calls LeviTO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTJohn the BaptistGenealogy of JesusJohannine ‘thunderbolt’Jesus weeps over Jerusalem 6:6–16Heal man with withered hand;Choosing of the Twelve 8:22–25 8:40–56 9:1–17 19:45–46Stilling the stormDaughter of Jairus and woman with bleedTwelve sent on mission, feeding of 5000Jesus enters Jerusalemand expels moneychangers 21:37–38 Summary of Holy Week activitySCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksLuke outside the Lectionary:(3) Teaching // Matt & MarkYLESPAGE 8:4–25Why parables? The sower.More for he who already has. 11:33 13:18–21 14:15–24 14:34–35 18:15–43Light and bushelMustard seed. Leaven.The wedding feastLuke outside the Lectionary:(4) Controversies // Matt & MarkDispute with disciples of John; disputes over sabbath. 5:33–6:5Jesus and John the Baptist 7:18–35Jesus’ true kindred 8:19–21Judgement on those ashamed of Jesus 9:25–27Prediction of betrayal and dispute over greatness 9:44–50Beelzebub; return of evil spirit; true blessedness; sign of Jonah; 11:14–32,34–12:12TO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTeye and body; Clean inside and out; prophets tombs; leaven ofPharisees; courageous confession; sin against the holy spirit;Spirit comes to our help. 12:22–31 12:57–59 16:14–18 17:1–4 17:20–37 19:47–20:8 20:39–21:4 21:20–24 22:1–13Proverbs re saltJesus and the children, Rich ruler, cost ofdiscipleship, healing of blind man at Jericho 19:11–27 Absent ruler and the faithful servants 20:20–26 Give to Caesar, give to GodSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEMSSSSSS 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. Jenks 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksBe not anxious about earthly thingsWarning about court casesConflict with Pharisees, ban on divorceWarning against sinTeaching about the end timesDispute over his authorityDisputes with Pharisees. Widow’s mite, etcJerusalem surrounded by armiesPlots against Jesus, room for last supper arrangedSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM

Luke outside the Lectionary Choices are necessary Only 52 Sundays each year What are consequences of all theseYLESPAGEIn order to enter more deeply into thereading of the Gospel, one needs to . consider its place among the Gospels recognize its distinctive structure sensitize oneself to its dominantTO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTomissions from Luke during our currentyear? Has Luke been domesticated? What strategies can we deploy to deal withChristological emphases and summarize its leading themesthese omissions?Culpepper, NIB VII,4SCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksLuke among the GospelsIn order to enter more deeply into thereading of the Gospel, one needs toLUKE AMONG THE GOSPELS consider its place among the GospelsYLESPAGETO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTCulpepper, NIB VII,4(1) MANUSCRIPT EVIDENCE FOR LUKE Early MS evidenc Content analysi Composition historySCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEMPOxy 654POxy 655P66P46P64,67P45P69, POxy 2383SCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEMSSSSS 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksHebrewsP453CFour Gospels and ActsP46200Letters of PaulP473CRevelationP66200JohnP693CLuke 22P723C/4C1 and 2 Peter, JudeP753CLuke, JohnSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. Jenks,POxy 1Contents3C/4C.POxy 2949DateP13,P98Codex P90ContentsA tiny fragment of the Gospel of JohnFragment of the Gospel of Peter?Fragment of the Gospel of JohnFragment of ActsTO APPLY PAGE STYLESFragments of the Gospel of PeterRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTFragments of the Gospel of ThomasFragments of the Gospel of ThomasFragments of the Gospel of ThomasGospel of JohnLetters of PaulFragments of the Gospel of MatthewFour Gospels ActsFragment of Marcion’s Euangelion?.POxy 409Date1251501752nd ript data for the Gospels,Manuscript data for the GospelsSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. Jenks, 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSYLESPAGEA Year with Luke

Manuscript data for the GospelsManuscript data for the GospelsCodices of single bookJohMatthewActsLukRomanHebrewRevelatio1 CorinthianJameMarYLESPAGECodices of 2 book11101 JohPhilippian1 ThessalonianTituEphesianGalatianPhilemo1 PeteJudTO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUT1SCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. Jenks20 Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians,Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1TO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGEThessalonians, Hebrew LAYOUT3 Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Act3C/41 and 2 Peter, Jud70 Romans, 1 Corinthians, Philippians,Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, Titus, Philemo7 Acts, James, 1 & 2 Peter, 1,2 & 3 John,JudeP45P72P61P74SCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEMPreliminary ObservationsCodices with 3 or more bookYLESPAGE1 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksManuscript data for the GospelsP4Luke, JohMatthew, JohMark, JohMatthew, ActJohn, Jame1 & 2 Corinthian1 & 2 ThessalonianEphesians & 2 Thes Luke is attested from middle of 3C Not as popular as John or Matthew Much more popular than Mark Sometimes circulated alongside JohnSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksNarrative shapeYLESPAGETO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTLUKE AMONG THE GOSPELS(2) LITERARY DATANarrative SegmentMatthewMarkLuke1Jesus’ background1:1–4:111:1–131:1–4:132Jesus teaches in Galilee4:12–9:171:14–3:194:14–7:102aJesus’ Sermon5:1–7:273Jesus’ prophetic mission9:18–12:503:19–357:11–504Jesus uses parables12:46–13:523:31–4:348:1–215Who is Jesus?13:53–18:254:35–9:508:22–9:506Jesus journeys to Judea19:1–20:3410:1–529:51–19:277Jesus at us’ last ion reports28:1–2016:1–8 (9–20)24:1–53Source: Mahlon Smith, Synoptic Gospels PrimerSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE s/outlines.htmlSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. SSSnsnnssnssrsnksnee6 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. Jenks6:20–49

LengthRepeated ContentSeparateMattMarkLukeRepeatedMt Mk LMt MkMk Lktriple traditionYLESPAGETO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTMt Ldouble 137SCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksOmissionsOMITTED BYSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksUnique Materialsby Lukeby Matthewby MarkUnique to MATMARK“M” 7277TO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksLUKMATT LUK“L” traditiondouble 977 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEMPatterns of Agreement If we compare a pair of gospels at a time: Matthew & Mark and Mark & Luke have about 100%more agreements than all three gospelsYLESPAGETO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUT But Matthew & Luke do not agree with each other’sorder except where they each copy Mark. Matthew & Luke each have double the material inMark's order as each other's. Matthew & Luke agree in sequence only where theyalso agree with Mark. Matthew & Luke include almost 75 of the same non- suggests pivotal role for Mark in the web of relationsMarkan sayings at different points in their gospels. suggests pivotal role for Mark in the web of relationsSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEMSSSSSSEkkET 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. Jenks 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM

YLESPAGEYLESPAGEQuestions of StylePreliminary Observations Mark: the least polished & most “oral” Matthew has better grammar & smoother literarytransitions between passages than Mark. Luke writes the most literate Greek in the NT. Yet, in reporting the same passage, Luke's wording isTO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTalmost always closer to Mark than to Matthew. While Luke's transitions between scenes & sayings Luke is one of several early Christian Gospels Close literary relationship with Mark & Matthew Narrative Gospel formNow Jesus did many other signs in thecontinue story beyond Easter Only Gospel topresence of his disciples, which are notthis book. Butoftheseare written sohas ainstatementpurpose Like GJohn it writtenthat you may come to believe that Jesus isthe Messiah, the Son of God, and thatthrough believing you may have life in hisname. (John 20:30–31 NRSV)rely on more sophisticated rhetoric than Mark's they arenever the same as the transitions in Matthew.SCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksA theory of Gospel compositionQ Gospel 60sMark 75LUKE AMONG THE GOSPELSTO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUT(3) TRACING THE SYNOPTIC RELATIONSHIPSMatthew 85Luke(85–115)SCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksAnother theory of Gospelcomposition (Luke first)Alternative theory of Gospelcomposition (no Q)Proto-Luke 60sMark 75Mark 75YLESPAGETO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTMatthew 85Matthew 85Luke-Acts 85–115Luke-Acts 120SSSSSCHOOL OF THEOLOGYSCHOOL OF THEOLOGY

Marcion: A witness to thecanonical tradition of the NTEnter Marcion fl. 140 CE ca. 100 years after Jesus theological conservative anti-Jewish & pro-Paul two-part canon The Gospel (Euangelion) The Apostle (Paul)YLESPAGETO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTApostle John (left) and Marcion of Sinope (right), fromMorgan Library MS 748, 11th centurySCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksCombining Lukan prioritywith other optionsMiracles/Signs 50sQ Gospel 60sPapyrus 69YLESPAGEMark 75TO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUTA possible witness to aMarcionite edition of Luke'sGospel, and perhapsevidence for the pre-Lukanform of Marcion’sEvangelion.EvangelionMatthew 85John 100Luke-Acts 120/150SCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksPreface to LukeThe distinctive structure of Luke recognize its distinctive structurSince many have undertaken to set down an orderly account ofthe events that have been fulfilled among us,just as they were handed on to us by those who from TOtheAPPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGEbeginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word, LAYOUTI too decided, after investigating everything carefully from thevery first, to write an orderly account for you,most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the truthconcerning the things about which you have been instructed.(Luke 1:1–4 NRSV)Culpepper, NIB VII,4 Parallel birth storie Dominance of plac Journey to Jerusalem (10 chs Easter relocated to Jerusale Vol 2: Acts of the ApostlesSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEMe)m 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenkssSSSSSeSCHOOLOF THEOLOGYST GEORGE’SCOLLEGE JERUSALEM 2014 C.Gregory 2016 GREGORYJENK C. JenksSYLESPAGE regarded as a heretic by early fathers but his value for NT manuscripts studies is immense especially critical for our understanding of Luke did he come after Luke and edit the the text? or did he precede Luke and preserve earlier form? BeDuhn, The First New Testament: Marcion’s Scriptural Canon (2013) reconstructs Marcion’s text from citations concludes that Evangelion is pre-Lukan witness to Q

Jesus in Luke sensitize oneself to its dominant Christological and summarize its leading themesemphaseCulpepper, NIB VII,4Culpepper, NIB VII,YLESPAGE Special birth but not miraculou Torah observant Je Prophet sent by Go Innocent victim of state violence Courageous, almost Stoi Raised to glory 40 days after EasteTO APPLY PAGE STYLESRIGHT CLICK YOUR PAGE LAYOUT Relationship to Judaism, including its keyinstitutions and its sacred scripture Appeal for Roman tolerance (see esp in vol 2,Acts of the Apostles Role of the Spiri Wider group of followers, including women