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DOCUMENT RESUMESP 010 808ED 135 754AUTHORTITLEPUB DATENOTEAVAILABLE FROMlee, MabelMemories of a Bloomer Girl.EDRS PRICEDESCRIPTORSMF- 0.83 HC- 20.75 Plus Postage.*Autobiographies; Carelr Choice; Dance; HealthEducation; *History; lifetime Sports; *PhysicalEducation; Physical Fitness; *Women Professors;*Womens Athletics; *Womens Education*Ice (Mabel)IDENTIFIERS77381p.AAHFER Publications-Sales, 1201 Sixteenth Street,N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 ( 12.50)ABSTRACTThis book is an autobiographic account of thirtyyears spent in the field of physical education. Relating her personalexperiences from her student days at the turn cf the century throughher years as a physical education teacher, the author traces thehistory of women's involvement in sports and health education andtheir ccntributions to this field. *************************Documents acquired by ERIC include many informal unpublished* materials not available from other sources. ERIC makes every effort *** to obtain the best copy available. Nevertheless, items of marginal* reproducibility are often encountered and this affects the quality *** of the microfiche and hardcopy reproductions ERIC makes available* via the ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS). EDRS is not* responsible for the quality of the original document. Reproductions ** supplied by EDRS are the best that can be made from the ******************************

MEOF AR(1894-1924)Mabel LeeProfessor Emeritus , University of NebraskaLincolnU S DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH.EDUCATION &WELFARENATIONAL INSTITUTE OFEDUCATIONtNs,PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE TFIISCOPYRIGHTE El MATERIAL BY MICRO.FICHE ONLY HAS BEEN GRANTED BYTHIS DOCUMENT HAS I3EEN REPPODUCED FxACTLY AS RECEIVE FROMTO ERIC Ara) ORGNIZATIONS OPERATTHE TILPSON OR ORGANIZATION ORIGINA TING IT POINTS OF VIEW OR OPINIONSTIONAL INSTITUTE OF EDUCAIIONINE UNDER AGREEMENTS MTH THE NAT URI ITER REPRODUC 1 ION OUTSIDETHE ERIC SYSTEM PEOUIRF.S PERMISSION OF THE COPYRIGHT OWNER "srA TED DO NOT NECESSARILY REPRE.SENT OFFICIAL NATIONAL INSTITUTF OFEDUCATION POSITION OR POL ICYAMERICAN ALLIANCE FOR HEALTH, PHYSICAL EDUCATION, AND RECREATION44

COPYRIGHT 1977AMERICAN ALLIANCE FOR HEALTH,PHYSICAL EDUCATION, AND RECREATIONPrinted in the United States of America. All rights reserved. This book, orparts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form without permission of thepublisher. For information, address the Alliance, 1201 Sixteenth Street,N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036Order From:AAHPER Publications-Sales,1201 Sixteenth Street, N.W.Washington, D.C. 20036

DedicatedTo The MemoryofAmy Morris flomans and De lphine HannaWho In The Late Nineteenth CenturyOpened .The DoorsTo A New Career For WomenandTo Thu' Memory Of Those Valiant WonumWho Were My Co-WorkersOf The- Early Twentieth CenturyIn Opening Those Doors Still WiderAlso DedicatedTo The Many Splendid Young WomenOf The Late Twentieth, CenturyWho In Their Turn Are The New TorchbearersfoA Sound Physical Education For America

Contents9Pre faceForewordChapter I.13A New Career for WomenI7Catharine Beecher's Physical Culture (17) E Establishment of PhysicalEducmion for Girls ( I())Chapter 11. Military Drill and Indian Clubs in the Gay NinetiesMy Forebears (23) 11 Growing up in lowa (24) The Family Sickly One)3(26) I Ignmance of Health Education (27) n Ignorance of PhysicalEducation (28) I Calisthenics and the Nlultiplication Table (29) g CentralWard School and a Private Gymnasium (31) E I Discover Indian ClubsRevival of Ancient Olympics (33) Military Drill (34)(32)WeDiscover Basketball for Girls (36) Our Natural Gymnastics (37)Chapter III.The Privileged Ten Percent at the Turn of theCent uryA New Century and a New Town (40) Father and I Stan Basketball inCenterville (42) E I Discover Debating (43) Physical Education at theTurn of the Century (43) No Talk of Careers, a Scotch Lassie and aWorld's Fair (46)40Chapter IV.49The Privileged Two PercentChoosing a Co liege (49 1Pro)' and Others (52)11On Our Own (54)E IDiscover Physical Education (55)At Other Iowa Colleges (57)Physical Examinations Cause a Furor (61) Girls Are Coddled and a FewEpidemics (62) I Discover Swedish Gymnastics and Indoor Meets (63)I Also English Field Hockey and Fancy Steps (67)Chapter V.Choosing a Career69I Take a Look at Marriage (69) 1 A Sudden Decision on a Career (70) IBecome a Student Assistant (72) A First Offer of a Position and I Learnof a Professional Training School (73) 12 Checking Qualifications (74)A First Pay Position (76) IN College Commencement-- A Five-DayCeremony (77)5

Chapter VI.Prokssimml Training after the Boston Manner81The Boston Normal School of Gymnastics (81) a I Am a Disappointment(85) Coley and Hester (94) Probation and I Learn to Drink Milk (98)Down to the Lucky 75 (105)Coley's Turn on the Carpet (103)Triumphant End of My Six-Week Ordeal (106) Dr. Collin Takes aHand in Making Me Over (108) Health and Hygiene Constant Concern(110) Gymnastics, Dance and Sports at BNSG ( 1 1) Theoly ClassesWork at Children's Hospital (117) Inadequate Course in(114)History of Physical Education (11 7)Chapter VII. A Velvet Purse of a Sow's Ear121But One Aim (121) Our Teachers (126) Amy Morris Homans (127) riDr. Louis Collin (135) Dr. Robert Lovett (139) Melvin Ballou Gilbert(139) For Social Li fe I Meet William James and G. Stanley Hall and SeeChristy Mathewson Play Ball (141) Discord between BNSG and theSargent and Posse Schools (144) m Women Given Recognition (146)Dudley A. Sargent (147) A Surprise Change in Attitude (149) TheSargent School (150) Closing Days in Boston (151) A Long LazySummer (153)Chapter VIII The Triumph That Was Amy Morris Homans155A Cool Reception (157) Wellesley Cc ilegeBNSG Merger (155)(159) Physical Education in Early Years at Wellesley (161)1 The NewA NewThe Staff and Senior Courses (164)Department (163)NewChalGymnasium (167) Graduate Status for Two of us (169)TheBirthoftheIdeaoflenges and a Rope-climbing Episode APECW (173)New Enaland Conservatoiy-Wellesley-Harvard-MIT Collabo(176)LastOne Sure Position and One Uncertain One (184)rate (179)AmyAfterYears(I94))Scoldings (191) m Closing Ceremonies (IMorris Homans (195) A Summing Up (196)Chapter IX.BloomersSymbol Of My CareerSurprises! Academy Classes and an Unknown Salary (199) "Mr. X"(205) President Marquis (206) m Salaries (707)1 The "Preps" (208)Women Trained in the Field (209) Teaching Aids Scarce (211) m MenPlanning My Time and ProgramCoaches as Physical Directors (212)Expanded(216) Hygiene Courses Needed and Less Formality (217)Problems(223)Examinations Cause a Furor (219) m aching Gymnastics (229)CommitmenttoMyCareerWomen Physreal Education Teachers (232)(234)6199

Chapter X. Dance and Sports-1910s StyleIsadora Dunean (240) Dalcroze, Gilbert and the Russians (242)240Nijinsky (245) a Innovations: The Colonial Ball and Pageantry (247)Ballroom Dancing (252) The Jinks and Other Follies (254) a Sports(255) A College Swimming Pool and Annette Kellerman (257) Sportsfor Men (163) End of Academy Classes and I Bake a Pie (265)Intetschool Sports for Girls (268) WAA Student Manager Plan (271)Travels (27 I )Chapter XI.Jack-Of-All-Trades273Gymnastic Demonstrations and Indoor Meets (273) Faculty Kids (278)n'Epidemics and Fire Drills (280) I Learn about Varsity .Sports .andJanitorial Work (281) Lending Ears (285) I Discover ProfessionalOrganization's (286) An Encounter with the University of ChicagoBaseball Team (294) Some Women's Rights (296) The Great WarBrings Problems (299) Offers of Positions (301) Farewell to Coe(306)Chapter XII.An Interlude Out West and a Flu Epidemic310A New Position and a Professorship (310) War Time Problems and aMilitant Woman (31 I) Inherited Troubles (316) A Weekend in theMountains and the Armistice (318) A State Physical Education Msociation and Our Department Settles Down (320) Abby Shaw Mayhew anda Call to China (311) a The Spanish Flu Hits the West Coast and I MeetUtter Defeat (314)Chapter XIII.An Understanding College President and SomeSweet Mad Youth327Another Position (327) a Beloit College (332) Back to Work (334)Beloit's Departments of Physical Education (338) The Physical Educa-tion Program for Women and Marching "Spell-downs- (341) AReactivated Women's Athletic Association (345) m Belligerent MenStudents (347)Beloit (353)Two Assistants and More Innovations (351)Chapter XIV.Women's Lib Early Nineteen TwentiesDance at358A Debate on Intercollegiate Sports for Women (358) Widening Horizons and a Question of Democracy (360) Gum-chewing New Yorkers,the Long Trail of Vermont, and Glacier National Park (364) TheWomen Get Their Way (365)Birth of NAAF and the Woman7sDivision (367) Birth of NAPECW (368) I Almost Attend My FirstNational Convention (373)-w-Changes at Beloit and Offers Elsewhere(374)378Notes7

PrefaceMemories of a bloomer girl! What thoughts these words evoke! I was abloomer girl from the time of my first pair in 1902 to tile time of bloomerspassing from the scene in the late twenties and early thirties. They became thesymbol of the career 1 was to followwork in the profession of physicaleducation. Therein lies the story of this bookreminiscences of sports andd:mce as a grade schoolgirl in the Gay Nineties, in Centerville, Iowa, a highschool and college girl at the turn of the century in Centerville and at CoeCollege, followed by two years of professional training in Boston and atWellesley College leading into my career beginning in the Great War era.This professional career has been in the specialized field of gymnastics, sportand dance and related sciences and in teacher training. This story is concernedwith the facets of those experiences of particular interest to workers in the fieldof physical education. It is built around my personal experiences in gymnastics,sports and dance through the Gay Nineties into the mid-Roaring Twenties. Inever could have told my story as fully and accurately as I have had 1 not kept adiary and saved Mementos and records ofl:chool, family and village life. Since Ihave lived in the same house for 51 years;'there has been no need to "clear outthe attic. The accumulations of personal historic trappings have proved ofgreat value to harness run-away memories and to "set the record straight."Many memories of sports and dance, especially those related to women's lib,have been reserved for another book for lay readers which parallels the events ofthis book. The continuing story will tell of the great growth in sports for womenand the advances in dance; tales of teacher training in the field of physicaleducation; work in Jack Kelly's division of physical fitness of World War II eraand on General Marshall's National Civilian Advisory Committee for the9

Women's Army Corps; and work in professional organizations where it fell tomy lot to crusade for equal rights for women in my particular professional field.Recognizing the part I played throughout my professional career in advancing sports and physical education for women in America, the department ofphysical education of Wellesley College gave me an Amy Morris Homensgrant in the late 1950s to write my professional memoirs. This, the first ofseveral Manuscripts telling the complete story, is the result. I extend my thanksto Wellesley College for this grant. Thanks also go to Mabel Hall Duree for thegenerous hospitality and aid in my researches into past records in My oldhometown; to the alumni secretaries, librarians and archivists of Coe Collegeand Beloit College who made investigative work into old annals both pleasantand profitable; to the archivists of Amherst, Sargent, Smith and WellesleyColleges and Harvard University and the Woman's College of North Carolinaat Greensboro which has some Amy Morris Homans materials and to OregonAgricultural College.I wish to acknowledge especially two persons who assisted me materially inUniversity ofan editorial capacity, both graduates under my direction at thestaffthereMarieHermanekNebraska, both later to become members of mymanuscript,queriedmeon unclearCripe who so painstakingly typed s and made nson who has, througherrands for me to conserve my time and energies and frequently loaned me "herears" to talk over many problems related to the preparation and editing of thisbook. To Constance G. Lacey and Louise Sind ler of the AAHFER PublicationsEditorial Office, I wish to offer my heartfelt thanks for their meticulousattention to the final editing task and for their deep interest in and wisesuggestions about this manuscript.I would be remiss if I negiected to mention my good neighbors on RyonsStreet in Lincoln, Nebraska who, understanding my need to be undisturbed,would frequently tap on my study window to ask "Are you all right over here?Can I do anything for you?" On many occasions Warren Cook and GuyFitzpatrik, my next door neighbors, have done surprise yard and garden workfor me to save me time in my study.Then there are the several friends of public school and college years who,10

learn-Mg:14 my work on my mentoirs, sent me many letters of reminiscenceswhich fortified my own memories. A few of these people died before thisproject was completedI so wanted them to see what I have written! Also, I amgrateful to the several copyright holders who generously granted permission toquote from their materials and to the many personal and professional friendswho, while on my several trips to do research work, extended hospitality thatmeant much to me. I also wish to express thanks to my family scattered fromIowa to Florida who uncomplainingly permitted me to shut myself away alonein my study in Lincoln, Nebraska for long stretches of time for uninterruptedwork on this and other manuscripts.,,., .