tations6ResearchLogsTHE GENEALOGY RESEARCH PROCESS7Write aconclusion

RESEARCHOBJECTIVES Identify a research question thatcould be answered with DNA

IDENTIFY ARESEARCHQUESTION THATCOULD BEANSWEREDWITH DNA Y-DNA : Determining apaternal line mt-DNA: Determining amaternal line Autosomal DNA: Proving anancestor within 7-8generations X-DNA: Narrowing downcousin matches

CREATE ANOBJECTIVE TOGUIDE THERESEARCH Use key identifiers such ascomplete names, dates andplaces Prove a hypothesizedidentity or biologicalrelationship

CASE STUDY: OBJECTIVE Example: Identify the biologicalfather of Jack Kenneth (Green)Shaffer. Jack was born 10 July1926 in Oklahoma City,Oklahoma, Oklahoma, and diedJune 2012 in Norman, Cleveland,Oklahoma. Jack marriedMarjorie McCormick on 31March 1945 in Fort Sill,Comanche, Oklahoma.

Case Study Family TreeEldon MaeGraham?Jack Kenneth(Green)ShafferJackKennethShaffer Jr.

tations6ResearchLogsTHE GENEALOGY RESEARCH PROCESS7Write aconclusion

ANALYZE YOUR SOURCES Gather all documentary sourcestogether into a timeline toanalyze

Original, derivative, orauthored sourceEVIDENCE ANALYSISPrimary, secondary, orundetermined information

Original sources: DNAresultsDNA SOURCEANALYSISAuthored sources:family trees of yourDNA matches

Primary Information: theamount of DNA shared with aperson in a match listDNA SOURCEANALYSISAnalyze the centimorgans andpossible relationships for eachmatch for viability

DNA SOURCEANALYSIS View the family trees of thematches and analyze theiraccuracy

DNA SOURCE ANALYSISIs there enough shared DNA toanswer the research question orwill there be a need for more DNAtesting?


1930 CENSUS: OKLAHOMA CITY Abb Graham, age 61, widowed, Kan, U.S., U.S.,Glenn Graham, age 27, son Ok, Kan, MichFlossie Graham, age 26, daughter-in-law Tx, Tx, AlKathryn Graham, age 4, granddaughter, Ok, Ok, TxAngus Graham, age 25, son Ok, Kan, MichElda Green, age 21, daughter, 17 at first marriage, divorced Ok KanMich, housekeeperJack K Green, age 3 9/12, grandson Ok, Ok, OkEarl Graham, age 4 11/12, grandson Ok, Ok, Ok1500 W 7th Street1930 U.S. Census, Oklahoma Co., Oklahoma, population schedule, Oklahoma City, enumeration district (ED) 105, sheet8B (penned), dwelling 162, family 174, Abb Graham household; digital image, Ancestry ( 4 Apr 2019); citing NARA microfilm publication T626.

R.T. Shaffer, age 26, white, born Ohio,residence Oklahoma City1931 MARRIAGE:SHAFFER GRAHAM Miss Elden Mae Graham, age 23, white,born Oklahoma, residence Oklahoma City"Oklahoma, County Marriage Records, 1890-1995," Cleveland 1928 - 1940, Shaffer-Graham, 1931, Ancestry( : accessed 4 Apr 2019).

Richard Shaffer, age 34Susie Shaffer, age 31,informantJack Shaffer, age 13Abb Graham, age 711940 CENSUS : OKLAHOMA CITY1940 U.S. Census, Oklahoma Co., Oklahoma, population schedule, Oklahoma City, ward 3, enumeration district (ED) 7887, sheet 10B (penned), dwelling 1954, family 286, Richard Shaffer household; digital image, Ancestry,( accessed 4 Apr 2019,); citing NARA microfilm publication T627.

CASE STUDYY-DNA match: --- RobbY-DNA ANALYSISGenetic distance of 3Common Ancestor within 4-8 generations“Y-DNA – Matches,” for JackKenneth Shaffer, Jr. Kit#MK32181, FamilyTree DNA( : accessed 4 April 2019).---- Robb James Robb (1916 – 2012) JamesRobb (1889-1976) James Robb (1859-1949) William Robb (1830-1914).

Closest atDNA match:C.S., 343 cM across 12 segmentsCASE STUDY:AUTOSOMAL DNAANALYSIS“DNA matches for JackKenneth Shaffer Jr.,” C.S.,shared DNA 343 cM, Ancestry( :accessed 5 April 2019).Possible relationships:1C1R or Half 1CAttached pedigree: Alyce Elizabeth Bette Robb(1922 – 1998) Richard David Robb (1897 – 1959) Samuel David Robb (1862-1924

tations6ResearchLogsTHE GENEALOGY RESEARCH PROCESS7Write aconclusion

LOCALITY & DNARESEARCHDetermine a location and timeperiod where your DNA matchesand ancestors livedCreate a locality guide for thearea to guide the research


CASE STUDY:LOCALITY GUIDE FOROKLAHOMA CITYAvailable records:census, city directories,marriage and divorcerecords, birth recordsThis Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA

Ancestry DNA shared matchesFamily Tree DNA family finderCASE STUDY:POSSIBLE DNA TOOLS TOUSE23andMe DNA relativesFamilyTree Y-DNA projectsLucidchart.comShared centimorgan project

tations6ResearchLogsTHE GENEALOGY RESEARCH PROCESS7Write aconclusion

RESEARCH PLANNINGSummarizeSummarize what was learned from the evidence analysisusing a table or bulleted listCreateCreate a hypothesis using clues from the known facts andwhat you are trying to prove.IdentifyIdentify the documentary sources that could prove thehypothesis

Choose specific DNA strategies and tools to use for furtheranalysis of the DNA matchesPrioritize the steps for both the documentary research and theDNA analysisRESEARCH PLANNING

Search birth records of Oklahoma for birthcertificate of Jack Kenneth ShafferCASE STUDY:RESEARCHPLAN Search marriage and divorce indexes of Oklahomafor marriage of Eldon Mae Graham/Green andRichard David Robb Search city directories of Oklahoma City,Oklahoma, for Eldon Graham/Green and RichardDavid Robb Search 1900-1940 censuses for EldonGraham/Green and Richard David Robb

CASE STUDY:DNA RESEARCH PLANUse Lucidchart to show theAutosomal DNA matches fromeach testing websiteCompare centimorgan amounts toprobable relationshipsVerify family trees for AutosomalDNA matches

tations6ResearchLogsTHE GENEALOGY RESEARCH PROCESS7Write aconclusion

SOURCE CITATIONS Create source citationsfor both documentaryand genetic sources

Who created the source?What is the source?ELEMENTS OFSOURCE CITATIONSWhen was the source created?Where is the source?Where within is the source?

Case study: Source CitationsOklahoma State Vital Records Index, search for Jack Kenneth (Green) Shafferborn 10 July 1926, rthResults : accessed 2 April 2019).

Oklahoma District Court, Divorceindex, v. 1 1925-1935, negativesearch for Elden Green or Graham,1925-1931, FamilySearch( :accessed 4 Apr 2019); FHL microfilm2169554, item 2, images 811-825.CASE STUDY:NEGATIVESEARCHCITATION

CASE STUDY: DNA CITATIONS “Autosomal DNA Testing comparison Chart,” InternationalSociety of Genetic Genealogy Wiki( DNA testing comparisonchart : accessed 9 Apr 2019). “DNA matches for Jack Kenneth Shaffer Jr.,” C.S., shared DNA343 cM, Ancestry ( : accessed 5April 2019).

tations6ResearchLogsTHE GENEALOGY RESEARCH PROCESS7Write aconclusion

RESEARCH LOGSA record of what you arelooking for, where youlooked, and what you found.

DateCATEGORIES FORA RESEARCH LOGSearching ationResults/comments

Abb Graham floormn h806a W 7thMrs. Elden Green r806a W 7thCASE STUDY:CITY DIRECTORY SEARCHSource Citation: "U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995," Oklahoma City, Oklahoma,City Directory, 1927 Ancestry (https:/ : accessed 9 Apr 2019).

Date: 7 Mar 2019Repository: Ancestry.comCASE STUDY:URL/Call#/Microfilm#: FOR ARESEARCH LOGSearching for: City DirectoryLocality: Oklahoma CitySource Citation: "U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995," Oklahoma City,Oklahoma, City Directory, 1927 Ancestry (https:/ :accessed 9 Apr 2019).Results/Comments: Mrs. Elden Green 806a W 7thAbb Graham, floorman 806a W 7th

RESEARCH LOGSFOR DNASOURCES Track the results of eachDNA analysis strategy used: Cousin matches Correspondence DNA Reports

Comparison of Y-DNA Matches from FamilyTree DNAAdd a page for each generation, family member,correspondence, DNA matches, comparison, etc.MULTI-PAGE RESEARCH LOG SPREADSHEET

Keep inCopy andpasteAddKeep in your computer files with each ancestor or familyCopy and paste information from websitesAdd links to online recordsADVANTAGES OF THE ELECTRONIC RESEARCHLOG


tations6ResearchLogsTHE GENEALOGY RESEARCH PROCESS7Write aconclusion

WRITING ACONCLUSIONProofsummaryorargumentNotes inyourgenealogysoftwareResearchreportArticle forpublication

Source citationsClarityWRITING ACONCLUSION: TIPS!Charts, diagrams, and tablesSuggestions for future research

Background Information Elden Green Graham ShafferCASE STUDY: 1930 CensusRESEARCHREPORT Oklahoma City Directories 1931 Marriage recordOUTLINE 1940 Census DNA Test Results Y-DNA Testing Autosomal DNA Testing

Richard David Robb Marriage and Divorce to MyrtleHurley Daughter: Alyce Elizabeth RobbRESEARCHREPORT Oklahoma City Directories 1930 & 1940 CensusOUTLINE Obituary of Alyce Elizabeth RobbCASE STUDY: Conclusion Future Research Suggestions

City directories reveal Richard DavidCASE STUDY:RESEARCHREPORTCORRELATINGEVIDENCERobb’s presence in Oklahoma City in 1925.Also listed with Richard is an Edith inparentheses, indicating she is a wife.Richard and Edith roomed at 118 W 8th. In1925, Eldon Mae Graham and her father,Abner, lived at 326 W 9th. The proximity of the addresses makes itprobable that this Richard Robb was theRichard David Robb of the DNA evidence.Jack Kenneth Shaffer was born 10 July1926 and would have been conceived inSeptember of 1925. No other Richard Robbappears in the Oklahoma City Directory for1925.


JONESCASE STUDY:RESEARCHREPORTCORRELATINGEVIDENCE Graveside services for Alyce Elizabeth "Bette"ROBB JONES, 76, of Corpus Christi, Texas, willbe July 5, at Seaside Memorial Park, CorpusChristi. Bette was born June 9, 1922, in Guthrie toRichard David and Myrtle HURLEY ROBB. Shedied June 27, in Corpus Christi. Bette marriedCarl C. JONES in Guthrie in 1950. He precededher in death on June 7, 1974. Survivors are two daughters, Jeanne and C. S.;one son, Robb Lee.Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed 9 April 2019), memorial page for AlyceBette Robb Jones (9 Jun 1922–27 Jun 1998), Find A Grave Memorial no. 40332094, citing Seaside Memorial Park, CorpusChristi, Nueces County, Texas, USA ; Maintained by Dacanta (contributor 47158985) .

ConclusionThrough DNA and documentary evidence, the father of Jack KennethShaffer was proven to be Richard David Robb. Richard had marriedMyrtle Hurley in 1921 but was living with Edith George inOklahoma City in the mid-1920s. He was present in the citydirectory of 1925 and in the same neighborhood as Eldon Graham.Their relationship is unknown, but the result was the child born in1926 and named Jack Kenneth Green by his mother, Eldon. Eldonalso used the surname Green in the 1930 census and some citydirectory listings.

CASE STUDY:RESEARCH REPORTSUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURERESEARCH Order the birth certificates for Jack KennethGreen from the state of Oklahoma. Willneed to provide proof of relationship anddeath of Jack Kenneth Shaffer Jack Kenneth Shaffer Jack Kenneth Green Order the death certificate of Richard DavidRobb from the state of California. Richarddied 26 August 1959. Research the Robb ancestry seeking theMRCA (Most Recent Common Ancestor)using the Y-DNA test results.

tations6ResearchLogsTHE GENEALOGY RESEARCH PROCESS7Write aconclusion

“One of the worst things a genealogistcan do is to get to the destinationbefore making the journey.”Henry Z. Jones Jr.Henry Z. Jones Jr. More Psychic Roots: FurtherAdventures in Serendipity & Intuition in Genealogy(Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1997),220.This Photo by Unknown Author is licensedunder CC BY-NC-ND

QUESTIONS ? Research Like a Pro Genealogy Podcast Episode 28Sample DNA Citation Cheat Sheet: -with-dna/